Stroke - Time Lost is Brain Lost
- Stroke is a medical emergency. During a stroke, every minute counts.
- Fast treatment can reduce brain damage and is important in preventing death and disability from stroke.
- Know the signs and symptoms of stroke, and call 9-1-1 right away if you think you, or someone else, might be having a stroke.
- Note the time when any symptoms first appear. Some treatments for stroke only work if given in the first 3 hours after symptoms appear. Do not drive to the hospital or let someone else drive you. Call 9-1-1 for an ambulance so that medical personnel can begin life-saving treatment on the way to the emergency room.
Stroke Signs & Symptoms in Men & Women
- Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
Call 9-1-1 immediately if you or someone else has any of these symptoms.
Acting F.A.S.T. Is Key for Stroke
If you think you, or someone else, may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. and do the following simple test:
F - Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
A - Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
S - Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange?
T - Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.
Note the time when any symptoms first appear. Some treatments for stroke only work if given in the first 3 hours after symptoms appear. Do not drive to the hospital or let someone else drive you. Call an ambulance so that medical personnel can begin life-saving treatment on the way to the emergency room.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Treating a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
- If your symptoms go away after a few minutes, you may have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Although brief, a TIA is a sign of a serious condition that will not go away without medical help. Tell your health care team about your symptoms right away.
- Unfortunately, because TIAs clear up, many people ignore them. Don’t be one of those people. Paying attention to a TIA can save your life.
- Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States
- One American dies from a stroke every 4 minutes, on average
- You may be able to prevent stroke or reduce your risk through healthy lifestyle changes. In addition, medication can reduce stroke risk for some people.
- By knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke, you can be prepared to take quick action and perhaps save a life—maybe even your own. Watch a video about stroke signs and symptoms from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
- American Stroke Association Act F.A.S.T. Resources
- Act F.A.S.T. Printable Card (PDF)
- NYS DOH Designated Stroke Centers
- NYSDOH - Rural Hospital Telemedicine/Telestroke Initiative
- Stroke - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Types of Strokes
- Preventing Strokes
- Statistics and Data
- Stroke Order Form for Stroke Items
- Cardiovascular Disease Reports (Including Heart Disease and Stroke)
- Additional Resources