Mold & Moisture

Can the Health Department inspect my home for mold? 

No. Unfortunately, due to the lack of regulations specific to mold at the federal, state and local level, the Erie County Department of Health (ECDOH) is not able to enforce mold remediation or perform mold testing or assessments. 

What is mold and where is it found? 

Mold (fungi) is present everywhere indoors and outdoors.  At least 100,000 species of mold are common in the U.S.  Mold is most likely to grow where there is water or dampness, like in a bathroom or basement. 

Molds are part of the natural environment.  Outdoors, molds play a part in nature by breaking down fallen leaves & dead wood, but indoors mold growth should be avoided. Molds reproduce by means of tiny spores; the spores are invisible to the naked eye and float through the air.  Mold may begin growing indoors when mold spores land on surfaces that are wet.

All mold needs moisture to grow.  Mold can grow almost anywhere there is water damage, high humidity or dampness and thrives on organic materials like cotton, wool, paper, leather, wood or surfaces with small amounts of organic matter such as food, grease, and soil.  Molds can continue to grow eventually eating away the organic medium that is their food source.  

Whenever water leaks or spills occur indoors, act quickly to avoid mold growth.  If wet or damp materials or areas are dried 24-48 hours after a leak or spill happens, in most cases mold will not grow.   

Can mold cause health problems?

Most types of mold that are routinely encountered are not hazardous to healthy individuals.  

Molds can produce allergens, irritants and in some cases toxins.  Allergic reactions to mold are common and can include sneezing, runny nose, red eyes, and skin rash (dermatitis).  Symptoms other than allergic or irritant types are not commonly reported as a result of inhaling mold. 

Depending on the amount of exposure and the person’s vulnerability more serious health effects such as fever and breathing problems can occur but are rare.  Research on mold and health effects is ongoing.  For more information on health effects consult a health professional.  

How do I get rid of mold?

It is impossible to get rid of all mold and mold spores indoors; some mold spores will be found floating through the air and in house dust.  The mold spore will not grow if moisture is not present.  Indoor mold growth can and should be prevented or controlled by controlling moisture indoors.  If there is mold growth in your home, you must clean up the mold and fix the water problem.  If you clean up the mold but don’t fix the water problem, the mold will most likely grow back.  Remember that moisture control is the key to mold control. 

BATHROOM TIP:  Places that are often or always damp can be hard to maintain completely free of mold.  If mold seems to reappear after clean up, increasing the ventilation (running a fan or opening a window) and cleaning more frequently will usually prevent the mold from recurring, or keep the mold to a minimum. 

Mold cleanup 

Who should do the cleanup depends on a number of factors.  One consideration is size of the mold problem.  If the moldy area is less than 3’x3’ area, in most cases, you can handle the job yourself.  ACT QUICKLY if you already have a mold problem.  Mold can cause staining and cosmetic damage. 


  • Scrub mold off non-porous, hard surfaces with detergent & water, and dry completely.
  • Absorbent or porous materials, such as ceiling tiles and carpet, may have to be thrown away if they become moldy.  Mold can grow on or fill in empty crevices making it impossible to remove completely.
  • Seal and discard all debris in heavy duty plastic bags to avoid spreading any mold spores.
  • Avoid exposing yourself or others to mold.  Use protective clothing such as long sleeve shirts and pants, a dust mask, gloves, and safety goggles.
  • If you are unsure about how to clean an item you may wish to consult a professional. 
Should I hire a professional? 

New York State (NYS) guideline for mold remediation states that if the total mold affected area is more than 10 sq. feet or if you have sensitivity towards mold, consider hiring a licensed professional. 

Since January 2015, NYS has required that assessors and contractors in the mold remediation industry and their workers be properly trained and licensed.  The law is enforced by the NYS Dept. of Labor and ensures the proper remediation of mold. The law covers the licensing of assessors, contractors and workers, and includes a requirement for a written mold remediation plan.  A list of certified contractors can be found on the NYS Department of Labor website

Additional Information 

Frequently Requested



Phone: (716) 858-7690

Fax: (716) 858-8701

Erie County Department of Health (ECDOH)
95 Franklin Street
Buffalo, New York 14202

ECDOH Locations